Eye Cancer

An eye cancer is a cancer that starts in the eye. Eye cancer occurs when the cells in the eye grow unusually without any controlling limit. Eye cancer can be either primary, which means the cancer starts from the cells of the eye, or secondary, meaning that the cancer spreads to the eye from cancer located in

Eye cancer is a general term used to describe many types of tumors that occur in various parts of the eye. Eye cancer is caused by an uncontrolled growth of cells in or around the eye. Cancer of the eye is uncommon. However, eye cancer can occur in children in the form of the disease called retinoblastoma. Eye cancer is also called as intraocular melanoma cancer. It occurs generally in aged people due to increase in risk factors.

Types of Eye cancer:

Eyelid carcinoma


Conjunctival melanoma


Intraocular lymphoma




A growing dark spot on the iris

Poor or blurry vision in one eye

A sensation of flashing lights

Loss of side (peripheral) vision in the affected eye

A displacement of your eye within the eye socket

Floaters — spots or squiggles drifting in your field of vision

Treatment is provided depending on the size of the tumor and whether the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. Treatment for eye cancer varies by the type and by how advanced it is. It may include surgery, radiation therapy, freezing or heat therapy, or laser therapy. Treatment for this disease depends upon several factors like tumor size, shape, age of the patient, patient health condition and cancer type. Some types of eye cancer, such as melanoma of the eye, can be treated with laser therapy (a high-energy beam of light is used to destroy the cancer cells). Sometimes a surgical removal of the eye is necessary to prevent the cancer from spreading. Non-surgical treatments such as Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy are used for treating melanoma of the eye.


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